Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan is at the White House for his first face-to-face talks with US President Donald Trump.
The meeting is part of a push to mend relations, which have been strained by the Afghan conflict.
Mr Trump reduced security aid to Pakistan early last year, accusing the country of “lies and deceit”.
Mr Khan said US assistance was “minuscule” compared with what the US-led “war on terror” had cost Pakistan.
Since he won Pakistan’s general election just under a year ago, he has called for “mutually beneficial” ties with America, while remaining an outspoken critic of US anti-terrorist tactics such as drone strikes.
The Trump administration is trying to negotiate its military withdrawal from Afghanistan with the Taliban, a militant group it has long accused Pakistan of supporting.
As well as counter-terrorism and defence, the two leaders are likely to discuss trade and investment as Mr Khan battles to fend off a balance of payments crisis after a bailout from the International Monetary Fund.
How did relations fray last year?
Since Donald Trump took office in 2017, his administration has adopted a hard line against Pakistan, accusing it of supporting Islamist militants and misleading the US over the issue – charges Islamabad denies.
Mr Trump began 2018 by promising on Twitter to end “foolish” aid to the country.
As much as $2bn (£1.6bn) in US security assistance has been suspended.
After Mr Trump tweeted again in November to remind Pakistan that 9/11 mastermind Osama Bin Laden had lived there before finally being hunted down by US forces, Imran Khan shot back to “put the record straight” on which country had paid more to defeat terrorism.
However, a couple of months before that Twitter clash, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo had already raised the prospect of a reset with the new government of Mr Khan.
According to Pakistan’s foreign office, Mr Khan’s visit “will help renew and reinvigorate long-standing ties between Pakistan” and the US.
Adding to the positive mood music came a new tweet from Mr Trump on Wednesday, announcing that Pakistan had arrested the “mastermind” of the 2008 terror attacks in the Indian city of Mumbai, after a search lasting two years.
In actual fact, the man arrested, Hafiz Saeed, has been arrested and freed several times by the Pakistani authorities over the past two decades. Far from hiding, he has even addressed rallies and campaigned in recent Pakistani elections.
Pakistan will hope the arrest will help persuade the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), a global watchdog against money laundering and terrorism financing, not to blacklist it in the coming months.
Khan and Trump basics
- Khan, 66, was best known as Pakistan’s most famous cricketer before he took office as prime minister in July 2018 following his PTI party’s election victory; property tycoon and reality TV star Trump, 73, took office as US president in January 2017
- Khan governs a nation of 197 million people; Trump – 316 million
- Trump is an avid tweeter with 62m followers; Khan has just under 10m
- Imran Khan: From cricket hero to Pakistani PM
How crucial is Afghanistan to the relationship?
Writing in Foreign Policy, Sherry Rehman, Pakistan’s ambassador to the US between 2011 and 2013, argues that “stabilizing Afghanistan is Pakistan’s only real trump card” in its dealings with the US.
Pakistan has always denied it was the architect of the Taliban. It was one of only three countries to recognise them after they took power in Afghanistan in 1996 and the last to break diplomatic ties when US-led forces ousted the movement after the 9/11 attacks in 2001.
Few observers doubt that Pakistan has been instrumental in getting the Taliban to the table for direct talks with members of the Afghan government this month, a negotiation praised by US lead negotiator Zalmay Khalilzad as a “big success”.
The Trump administration is keen to end a war which, according to US officials, costs about $45bn annually, and to withdraw most or all of the 14,000 American soldiers deployed there.
In the opinion of Ms Rehman, Pakistan has already “received some muted recognition of its unprecedented efforts to facilitate these delicate negotiations” in two respects this month:
- The US listed the Balochistan Liberation Army, a separatist group active in Pakistan, as a terrorist group
- The IMF approved a $6bn loan package for Pakistan
“Pakistan has been facilitating the US-Taliban talks in good faith, underscoring that it remains a shared responsibility,” Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi said recently.
“It will therefore be appropriate to work for broader engagement from Afghanistan to bilateral issues, economic and trade co-operation, to peace and stability in South Asia.”
What are Khan’s economic aims?
The US, a major source of foreign investment in Pakistan, remains its largest export market, so trade is very much on the agenda in Washington.
However, financial pressures have led Pakistan to go further afield in search of aid and it attracted Saudi pledges of investment deals worth $20bn this year.
- Pakistan rolls out red carpet for Saudi prince
- Khan mocked for helicopter commute
- Pakistan auctions off ex-PM’s buffaloes
- Apology for Pakistan Khan ‘begging’ typo
Given that Pakistan is so strapped for cash, Mr Khan has been keen to portray an image of austerity. He used to be known as a celebrity playboy but now styles himself as a pious, anti-poverty reformer.
Before he left for the US, reports said he planned to stay at the Pakistan ambassador’s residence in Washington, rather than waste money in an expensive hotel.
Pakistan has also been seeking new assistance from China, its biggest foreign investor and also a major aid donor.
So Imran Khan must tread a delicate path between Mr Trump’s America and its economic arch-rival, Beijing.
Imran Khan: Pakistan PM meets Trump in bid to mend ties}