Forty years of conflict in Afghanistan has cost millions of children their education, particularly girls.
In the eastern district of Achin, schools stood empty for almost two years while so-called Islamic State fighters terrorised teachers and imprisoned women and girls in their own homes.
Now, a year after a massive bomb drove the militants out of the region, BBC Afghan’s Auliya Atrafi has been to see how life has changed for local children.
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The Afghan girls returning to school